Colorectal Cancer Screening and Colonoscopy
A colonoscopy is performed for screening or diagnostic purposes and is almost always done on an outpatient basis. During the procedure, you will be given a sedative and then a thin, flexible tube with a camera is inserted into the rectum to examine the inside of your colon.
Colon cancer is highly preventable and screening colonoscopy is recommended beginning at age 50 for all adults even if you are experiencing no symptoms. Individuals with a personal or family history of colorectal cancer, polyps or ulcerative colitis are screened at an earlier age. Polyp detection during screening colonoscopy is the best way to reduce your risk of developing colorectal cancer as most people do not have symptoms of cancer until advanced stages. Colonoscopy takes less than an hour in most cases and is covered by most insurance plans.